The eternal flame at the tomb of JFK
John and Robert Kennedy
Arlington National Cemetery has more than 350,000 graves, and funerals still take place here every day. The most famous tombs are those of John and Jackie Kennedy, who are buried next to 2 of their children. An eternal flame burns in tribute to the assassinated president. His brother, Robert Kennedy, who was also assassinated, is buried here as well. Another much visited Arlington grave is the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, which was instituted after World War I. Unknown victims of World War II and the Korean and Vietnam Wars were also buried here later. Close to the much photographed monument is the marble amphitheatre where the national remembrance ceremonies take place.
Nurses and astronauts
There are 70 sections within the cemetery, dedicated to different wars or to soldiers with specific backgrounds. There are separate sections for female soldiers and army nurses. There is also a section where 4,000 slaves have been buried. Many of the hundreds of visitors a day come for section 60: this is where since 2001, the victims of the war against terrorism have been buried, including soldiers who were killed in Iraq or Afghanistan.
Many gravestones mention military decorations, such as the Medal of Honour, which are awarded to those soldiers who have shown exceptional courage. There are also several monuments at the cemetery that recall poignant moments in American history, such as a commemorative plaque for the astronauts who perished in the Space Shuttle Challenger explosion in 1986. There is also a large stone for the victims of the 9/11 attack on the Pentagon, which is located close to Arlington.
Changing of the Guard Ceremony
Changing of the guard
Since 1948, the 3rd Infantry Regiment has guarded the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. Visitors to the cemetery may attend the ceremonial changing of the guard. Depending on the season, this is done at every half hour or every hour. A 'relief' commander inspects the weapons of the new guard and relieves the old guard from its duty. The 3 soldiers then pay solemn homage to the Unknown Soldier, before the new guard assumes position.